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Anna Crawford

Moodle History and Growth – The Moodle LMS Explained

My Learning Space is an Australian Moodle Partner. In August, Chad Outten, founder of My Learning Space, presented on the History of Moodle at the Brisbane MoodleMoot. In this article, we’ll discuss where Moodle started and how it has grown into the success it is today.

The year is 2018. Moodle has more than 130M registered users from over 200 countries. There are more than 100,000 sites powered by Moodle in over 100 languages. At this time, it is the world’s most popular learning management system, empowering educators to improve our world through higher-quality education.

Where it all began
Let’s transport ourselves back into the late 1970s to regional Western Australia. A young boy, called Martin Dougiamas, finds himself more than 100 kilometres from the nearest school. And so, his family registers him into the School of the Air – learning delivered by radio wave. This is Martin’s, the founder of Moodle, first experience with distance learning. Fast-forward to 1999, and Martin begins to create Moodle as part of his PhD research project. The seed has been planted. In 2001, Martin makes the first post on the software he has developed and a year later, he releases Moodle v1 as an open software system. Action is in full swing now, and within months, Moodle is being used all over the world. In 2004, the first MoodleMoots is held in Europe, the first partnerships are being finalised. In 2008, Martin graciously accepts the Google O’Reilly Open Source Award.

A big step was made in 2010, with the release of Moodle v2. At this stage, there are more than 1M registered users. The Mobile app is introduced the following year and in 2013, the first MOOC (Mass Open Online Course) is released, teaching teachers of Moodle software best practises. It’s 2015, and Moodle achieves its greatest milestone yet: it becomes the world’s most used learning management system with about 18 million registered users. Moodle v3 was also released in 2015, with improvements in usability and the user interface. This new version brought so much success to Moodle, that in 2016, there were more than 100M registered users. And this is just the tip of the ice-berg as most system admins do not register their site or users. In 2016, the mobile app updates now include almost all the standard features available on desktop and we see the release of the Branded App. This is a commercial service where organisations can have their branding applied to the standard app. Just last year, Moodle partnered with ‘Education for the Many’, an investor dedicated to financially supporting entrepreneurs who are changing the world through education.

And we find ourselves in 2018 with over 130 million registered users and 80 certified Moodle partners worldwide.

Where to from now?
Looking onwards from 2018, Moodle is focused on five key growth projects.

1. Moodle Core
This is the standard software product we have learned love and it will see improvements in usability, simplicity and accessibility. Look out for sector-specific improvements, and not just limited to schooling. It is likely Moodle will evolve to appeal to the workplace and beyond. VR and AR are up and coming, and with innovation at its core, it is expected that the organisation will support this technology.

2. Moodle Learn
This is Moodle’s latest curriculum developed for educators to learn to teach online via the Moodle Certification Education Program. Educators will learn and be able to demonstrate effectiveness in 22 key digital competencies. Ultimately, this program plays an instrumental role in the success of Moodle as educators are the ones delivering content to their learners. If teachers do not understand how to best use the software, the learners will not have positive experiences. Improvements of this project will translate to business growth.

3. Moodle Net
Moodle Net will be revamped. Integrated into every Moodle site, it will become a social media platform for educators to communicate with fellow educators. Moodle Net will support the creation and sharing of content and services.

4. Moodle Foundation
This will be a not-for-profit organisation, launched somewhere in Europe, focused on research that will drive open source software development. It will drive many partnerships and play a more integral role in the LMS community.

5. Expanding Services and Partnerships
Look out for an expansion of services and partnership programs.

In summary, the success of Moodle demonstrates the power of humanity. One man’s vision has been nurtured and developed. Through collaboration and cooperation, Moodle has become a worldwide success, empowering educators all to deliver higher quality learning experiences.

Surf Culture in Australia

Surfing is to Australia what cricket is to Pakistan; it’s not the national sports, but people think of it as a sacred way to temporarily rid themselves of the worries of life. Although cricket is a dry sport and is known as ‘the gentlemen’s game’, surfing might be the opposite; it is adventurous and spiritual. Some surfers call surfing as their religion. According to them, it helps them ‘meditate through adventure’. They might be wrong in the former part, but not in the latter; surfing does meditate you through adventure – the serenity of the ocean, the colors, the sound of crashing waves, the beautiful scenes of the beach, the spectacular sight of the ocean merging with the sky – all combine to the perks of surfing. The word ‘adventurous’ describes perfectly a surf-loving Aussie, or should I only say ‘an Aussie’?

Surf culture peaked during the 1950s and the 1960s in Australia (it had been there for some time during the 1940s) and influenced music, fashion and art in a strong way. Musicians composed music by merging the sound of electric guitars with the sound of crashing waves, producing the famous subgenre of rock music known as surf music. The Denvermen, the famous Australian surf-instrumental group, produced their famous hit ‘Surfside’ while another famous band called Billy Thorpe and the Aztecs took to producing much famous vocal-surf music. The Sunnyboys were surfers themselves and went on to make famous surf music in the 1980s; they made fast music which perfectly matched with the surfer’s desire to adventure. ‘You Need a Friend’ became their famous hit.

‘The Fantastic Time Machine’ is a sport/documentary produced by Lowell Blum and Eric Blum in 1969 narrates the joys and adventures of a group of surfers. Alby Falzon produced the surf film ‘Morning of the Earth’ in 1972 – a combination of Australian surf music and nature. Since surfers think of spirituality as a major component behind the act (the ocean, the sound of the waves, the weather etc), surf films gain a lot of viewers from Australia and thus, surf film became an important and well known film genre.

This sort of shirt is popular in surf culture

Apart from films and music, the surf-culture introduced changes in fashion, such as bikini popularized in its current form during the peak of surf-culture. Shorts and printed shirts became the trademark style for surfers, obviously as time went on, we saw changes in surf fashions; the surfers became more careful regarding the hygiene and thus full body clothes were introduced. As the surf culture was promoted in Australia, we saw that it produced many big industries including the iconic surf shop. Of course, during the 1930s and the 1940s, surfing might have been considered a fad, but it went on to become a trend. The Australian company Kuta Lines, found by Tony Brown, is famous since the 1970s for its surf clothing and accessories. Rip Curl is another major Australian designer and manufacturer of surf equipment. Other known Australian companies include Billabong International Ltd, Von Zipper etc. Other than clothing, the Pontiac Woodie car became a famous symbol of surfing. The Beach Boys, an American band, produced the instrumental ‘Boogie Woodie’ and Jan and Dean, also Americans, produced the famous hit “I bought a ’34 wagon and we call it a woodie”.

Surf visuals and surf arts, which are rather colorful and give a sense of relaxation to the mind, became very common during the 1900s. However, according to some art historians, the connection between art and surfing goes back 3000 years ago, where they have found bas-reliefs of surfers in Peru. ‘Art of the ocean’ or ‘Wave art’ etc also fall into the same genre as ‘Surf Art’, displaying the beauty of nature and colors of the ocean and the sky. Furthermore, ‘surf graphics’ became common, which describes the artwork related to surfing on T-shirts, logos, posters etc. Photography is an another aspect that surfers find intriguing since it shows the surfers of what feats they have achieved, once they are captured through the lens of the camera. Famous photographers took beautiful photos of the surfers and the ocean; tourists come to coastal regions especially for the purpose of capturing this act in their cameras. People would also spray paint waves and surfers on the walls with different colors and soon this act became common as well.

An interesting thing about the surf culture is surf gangs. The concept of ‘locals only’ on many beaches is due to the territorialism which arises during seasons when great surfable waves arise on coasts and thus the area is packed with outsiders. This causes local surfers to form gangs, who then try to protect their territory, in many cases, through violence. Surf gangs, also known as ‘surf punks’ or ‘surf nazis’, believe in honor, respecting other’s property and protecting the beaches from disorganization and chaos. The ‘Bra Boys’ are a popular surf gang in Australia. Some of the surf gangs actually embraced Nazism and marked this act peculiar to their gangs.

Captain Goodvibes might possibly be an icon for the Australian surfers – he’s a hard-drinking, drug-taking, straight-talking pig with a tunnel-shaped snout, as The Encyclopedia of Surfing describes him. His lifestyle depicts an ideal way of living for an Aussie who likes to surf; it is full of adventures, it is a worriless life, there are female barpigs who serve the Captain drinks and food, and to put it in a nutshell, he is what his name suggests. This cartoon was produced Tony Edwards and made its first appearance in 1975. Captain Goodvibes was named as one of ‘Australia’s 50 Most Influential Surfers’ by the Australia’s Surfing Life magazine in 1992.

Surf contests are organized in Australia every now and then and surfers from all over the country participate in them. Major surfing events include Rip Curl Pro, Surfest and Quiksilver Pro Gold Coast etc. These events are often backed and sponsored by companies which make surfing equipments such as surf boards and clothing. There are large crowds at the beaches to enjoy the contests and it has been a proper sport in Australia for some time now.

How To Sell My Car In Gold Coast: A Few Tips To Help You Make The Most Out Of It

One of the questions that many people have when trying to sell their cars is “how can I sell my car Gold Coast and get the most out of it?” If you are in the process of selling a car, it’s important that you approach this issue with the seriousness it deserves if you are to profit maximally from it. In order to do so, there are a number of things you might need to keep in mind before actually starting the process of selling the car. Some of these include:

Be careful about repairs

A general rule of thumb is that in order for you to sell the car quickly and for more, you should try to have it repaired before putting it on the market. However, this is not always as simple as it sounds. When thinking of doing repairs, it’s always wise to find out whether this will result in any tangible benefits or not. The best way to do this is by finding an estimate of how much you can sell the car for when it’s all fixed, and then compare the profits you make from this with if you decided to sell the car as is. If you end up spending too much on the repairs, the resulting car might be more difficult to sell since it will be more expensive, and you may end up making less from it overall.

Try to have the car valued by a professional

When you are thinking of putting the car on sale, you should try to find out how much its worth is. One of the major mistakes that many people make when selling cars especially for the first time is putting an arbitrary price tag on the car. In many cases, doing this will result in either putting too high a price on the car, which will make it harder for you to find someone to buy it. You can also sell the car for much less than you should, losing the potential to make more out of it. The latter is especially common for cars that have some sentimental or historical significance, such as very old and rare cars. When you get quality valuation services from a professional, they will consider everything from the car’s state and history to figure out the true value of the car.

Be patient

When you are trying to sell a car, it’s always a good idea to try and be patient. Being too impatient will result in you getting much less for the car, since you will be willing to sell it off as soon as possible even if the buyer drives a hard bargain. If you have the car reasonably priced, chances are that you will find an ideal buyer within a short time. This makes the wait worth it in the end.

To ensure that all the above are done, you can also try to have the car sold through the help of a car sales agent. Most of them will do everything they can to ensure that you end up getting the most out of the car.

Wall Cladding from Austech External Building Products Queensland

Enviroshield wall cladding supplied by Austech External Building Products Queensland is the new
generation of vinyl wall cladding, offering realistic woodgrain texture and colours replicating the appeal
of cedar.

Enviroshield Exterior vinyl wall cladding, never needs painting so you can enjoy the look of real timber for
years, with none of the maintenance. Austech Enviroshield vinyl wall cladding is perfect for any home
building, constructions, renovations and extensions.

Austech Queensland supplies all wall cladding components and tools required to complete your job.
Engineered components to suit our product capturing the look of custom made corner posts and window
surrounds. Enviroshield offers a palette of 12 modern colours using “colour-through” process which
hides scratches, fade resistant and enduring colour retention.

Enviroshield vinyl wall cladding also comes in vertical profile designed for the soffit used for the eaves of
any house or structure. The soffit or eave vertical board measurements are 3.66m x 255mm making it
very easy to install.

Soffit vertical cladding is also available in solid panels with or without insulation and a range of colours,
perfectly matched to complement or contrast with all Austech Enviroshield wall cladding.
Austech Queensland has Dulux colour codes to match Enviroshield cladding, to assist with the colour
designs of the property.

Austech Enviroshield vinyl wall cladding is engineered to the toughest conditions and built to withstand
heavy rain, winds and extreme heat known to Queensland. Enviroshield wall cladding, offers exterior
wall protection for you and your investment.

With a unique 180 wind locking system, all Enviroshield vinyl wall cladding panels are securely locked
together, whilst allowing for the expansion and contraction to with stand the harsh Queensland weather.
Enviroshield vinyl wall cladding is manufactured to AS/NZS 4256.4 high quality products.
Austech Enviroshield wall cladding is built to last, our confidence in this product allows us to offer a 50
year warranty. All Austech cladding is extensively tested so we know it won’t rot, peel, dent, split or


What You Need to Know About Cladding Brisbane

You’ve probably heard from some people that cladding offers plenty of benefits to houses. But before you call for Cladding Brisbane service providers, you should learn all that you can about this home improvement procedure first. If not, you are prone to abuse by individuals and companies that are offering cladding services.

Of course, the first thing that you need to know is what cladding is. The term actually refers to the process of applying an external wall to a house in order to increase protection from factors that can cause damage to it. Day in and out, houses are bombarded by elements that can cause damage to it as the years go by.

Now that you know what cladding is, you probably want to know next the specific benefits it brings to homes. Read the entire article to find out.

Cladding can save you money
Because cladding can help protect your home from damage, it can save you a lot of money. If you are a homeowner, then you probably know how important it is to save every single dollar. The last thing that you need right now is damage to your house that would require costly repair work. Of course, repair cost is just one of the things that you need to worry about if your house gets damaged. If you love your home, then you would not want to see it ruined right? Cladding is the best way for any homeowner to preserve his home for a long time.

Another source of expenses if you have a home is maintenance work. And the older your home is, the more frequent you need to do maintenance work to it. If the wall of your house is made of bricks, then you will need to do maintenance work to it every now and then especially if you live in a place that regularly experiences bad weather. Because cladding provides an extra layer of protection to your house, it means that it will need less maintenance. So if you don’t want to spend a lot on home maintenance, then you seriously consider cladding your home.

Cladding can give your home a new look
If you want to live in a new place but cannot afford it then why not just give your home a new look. You don’t need to do an expensive makeover of your home to give it a stylish finish. All you need is cladding. The process of cladding involves the use of angular boards that can be lined up to create a paneling effect in the exterior of your house. You can also use cladding to create a more traditional look for your house if that is what you want. The best thing about cladding is that it is cheaper than doing a total makeover of your home.

If you are ready to give cladding a try then you will be delighted to know that there are many cladding Brisbane service providers. Make sure that you choose a company that is experienced in doing cladding for different kinds of homes..

Beauty salons Paddington

In case you didn’t know, your skin is your body’s largest organ, at least by body cell count. Unfortunately, however, it is constantly exposed to a variety of environmental elements such as pollution, dust, sun rays, etc., every day. And such exposure can take a toll on anyone’s skin regardless of their genetic or ethnic background. Therefore, in a bid to reduce the occurrence of acne, fine lines, wrinkles, ‘crow’s feet’, acne scars, age spots and other skin disorders, dermatologists have come come up with special skin treatments geared towards protecting the skin from such undesired pigmentation. Here is a quick primer on that.

As you may already know, waxing in a beauty salon is a hair removal technique aimed at a making sure that the skin is left silky smooth and bumpless after shaving. Unlike using razors and other temporary hair removal techniques, waxing permanently removes unwanted hair without leaving an unsightly mess behind. In fact, after waxing you will no longer have to worry about razor burns or nursing a sore stubble. Besides, waxing works pretty well with almost all types of hair textures, types, and colors.

On that note, scientists and skincare experts have also proven that if hair is waxed oftenly, the roots and follicles weaken with time leading to permanent hair loss or little regrowth with time. This, of course, can be a relief to many of us who abhor shaving on a weekly or daily basis. Furthermore, waxing doesn’t just remove hair at the roots; it also exfoliates the skin leaving it smoother and healthier-looking than before.

Microdermabrasion, which is one the latest skin treatment techniques in the skin care niche, is a non-invasive, non-chemical procedure that utilizes a spray of microcrystals to get rid of the outermost skin layer. A layer that is typically composed of dry, dead skin. Consequently, after the procedure, the skin is left looking younger, glowing and healthier looking. In addition, microdermabrasion also promotes the growth of a new underlying skin layer with higher levels of elastin and collagen. Now, remember that collagen and elastin are two of the most important elements involved in maintaining a healthy and younger-looking skin. And for most people, elastin is usually at its peak in their early twenties before it starts to diminish steadily giving way to wrinkles and fine lines.

Skin tanning, on the other hand, has been around for decades now. And although having a rich, well-developed skin tan looks good any day, natural tanning by basking outdoors in the summer, for instance, is not as easy as it appears on paper. For starters, over exposing yourself like that to the sun mostly results to serious sunburns and sometimes even skin cancer.

Nonetheless, in a tanning salon your skin is only exposed to a controlled amount of UV rays making it easier to achieve the glorious tan without necessarily predisposing yourself to harmful sun rays. Also, spray tanning in the winter ( when the sun rays are weak or insufficient) is a proven source of the vital Vitamin D, that is needed to prevent premature aging and age spots..

Rainwater Harvesting Tanks

In Australia drought and water conservation are of constant concern. We are a dry continent; in fact we’re the driest inhabited continent on Earth. Every drop of water is precious, and investing in rainwater harvesting is of benefit to both individual households and our nation as a whole.

Rainwater harvesting simply means the collection of rainwater for re-use, instead of allowing it to run off into the ground. The rain water collected has a myriad of uses; gardening, irrigation, water features, livestock, washing, bathing and heating.

With minimal treatment, rainwater can also be used as drinking water, and is just as safe as the water that comes out of your tap. Just as solar power provides free energy, rainwater harvesting provides free water. Not only will it reduce your utility bill, it increases the sustainability of our reservoir and groundwater supplies. Rainwater harvesting means that you can bypass water restrictions to some extent, using your own supply instead of a limited supply of main water.

Not only is Australia a land of droughts, in many areas floods are a constant concern. Without rainwater harvesting, almost all flood water is wasted as it washes away and becomes contaminated. Not only does rainwater harvesting find use from this abundance of water, it reduces the burden on storm drains and other water safety measures.

Domestically, the most common method of rainwater harvesting are roof catchment systems. Rain that falls on the roof is siphoned off via gutters into a large collection tank. Hundreds of litres can be stored this way. With proper installation and the right filters, no effort is involved in rainwater collection other than the initial setup, gravity does all the work. Due to their size, roofs can collect an enormous amount of water. In a single story house the surface area of the roof is usually greater than the surface area of the house itself. Based on the average floor space of an Australian house, over 200 litres can be collected during a decent rainfall. Any excess is simply filtered out.

Rainwater collection technology is constantly developing in order to deliver cleaner and more abundant water to harvesters. “First flush” diverters protects stored water from contaminants, which are most prevalent during the first flush runoff. Highly advanced meshes keep leaves and debris from blocking the gutters. Outlets and valves ensure a steady, stable flow of water.

There is a variety of water tank systems available. While the tanks themselves are fundamentally the same, a variety of inputs and outputs can be used. These can range from a simple gravity tap to an electric pump that delivers water into the house. Gauges can also be installed in order to monitor and regulate water levels.

The advantages and benefits of rainwater harvesting are so numerous that every household can benefit from installing some form of rainwater harvesting system. There are sizes and systems available for every budget, and the amount saved from reducing utility bills should be considered a discount to every purchase.


With any beautiful design or structure, from architecture to painting, there lies beneath it a grid-based layout from which these creations were originally derived. It is, in essence, the unseen mathematical component of all design that, for many web designers, has become standard in the pursuit for the perfect web design.

To understand what a grid-based layout for web design is, we first need to understand why it is referred to as “grid-based.” A grid is a structure consisting of intersecting straight vertical and horizontal guidelines that are made up of margins, flow-lines, columns, rows, gutters, modules, and spatial zones. This potentially complex composition provides the perfect structural base that allows a web designer to create graphic elements from, or to organise content within. It is this reason that grid-based layout is used in web design.

By using grids in the website design a sense of uniformed structure is achieved for the overall website, this helps achieve better usability for website visitors as they are able to navigate and engage with the website much easily than if the content was simply thrown together without structure. Another reason grid-based layouts are used is efficiency. By designing to a grid, the actual design process is simplified because design guidelines are already in place, therefore making it easier to decide on design elements, such as width and height.

When using grid-based layouts in our web design, we can either create our own grid, or download a ready-made grid template. If we create our own grid, we will need to rely on what option works best for us and the web design project we are working on. It is therefore valuable to follow some simple guidelines when creating our own grids. These are:

• Use only enough columns as needed for the web design. In other words, if you are only going to use ten columns, then only create ten columns – and not twenty.
• Watch the spacing. As a general rule, columns should have the same number of pixels across as rows are high.
• Don’t box yourself in. If you need to move outside of the grid for specific graphic elements, then do so. A grid is only there for structural support, and is not the end product.

If creating your own grid-based layout isn’t appealing, or you simple do not have the time to invest in it, then downloading a pre-designed grid template is available. There are many online sources that provide such templates, and by downloading a grid template you can save on time and have, at your disposal, an effective grid template ready to use.

It is important to re-emphasise that grid-based layouts for web design should not be mistaken for a strict rule by which all graphic elements or content must adhere to. Naturally, when creating anything we can move beyond specific rules in order to achieve our creative goal, and grid-based layouts are no different. If we use grids as a structural guide in our web design, then we are better able to create amazing web designs that will not only appear organised on our web page, but will hopefully inspire and engage every website visitor. Article from, web developer brisbane Nets and Webs

Architectural Membrane Structure- Its Advantages and Usage in Sports Facilities

Membrane structures are becoming largely popular in modern-day architecture. Although they have been used for over 50 years in form of tents, engineered tension membrane structures are being considered as viable and permanent building methods especially in sports facilities. An architectural membrane structure is a building that has been fully or partially constructed by use of tensile membranes. Some of the major sports buildings that have been developed by use of this unique and amazing technology include the London Olympic Stadium, Kuala Lumpur Formula One Circuit, and Marseilles Olympic Stadium. Other notable constructions that have architectural membrane structures include covered playgrounds, covered outdoor learning areas and multipurpose sports halls.

Due to the fact that membrane structures are economical to manufacture, design, and construct, they are mostly suitable for buildings that cover a large area. The low weight of materials used in these membrane structures helps reduce time consumption as well as construction costs.

Architectural Membrane Structure- Materials Used

An architectural membrane structure is made by use of various materials such as PVC-coated polyester, PVC coated glass fabric, PTFE and ETFE membranes, and translucent polythene fabrics. These are the predominant materials commonly used in construction of various types of buildings. They are composed of various characteristics that give the structure desirable properties such as tensile strength, stability, durability, and may others.

Types of Architectural Membrane Structures

Architecture membrane structures are grouped into three categories: Tension and Suspension membrane structures, Frame membrane structures, and Air-inflated membrane structures. Tension/suspension membrane structures are more popular and have been used to construct the roofs of various sports facilities around the world. The membrane structure’s surface is curved in shape, which is why it’s considered as the best option for sports buildings. The tension induced in the membrane provides the structure with maximum flexibility and helps it maintain its shape.

The frame structures usually consist of a self-stable frame covered with membrane. The frame structure is usually steel space frame, steel frame, or space struss which are all capable of supporting different weight loads.The air-inflated membrane structures, also known as air-supported membrane structures, use air pressure to inflate the membranes in order for it to support its own weight as well as other surface loads.

Architectural Membrane Structure- Advantages

An architectural membrane structure has numerous advantages over other normal structures.

Ideal for Large Span Constructions

The structure requires less structural steel to support the roof, thus enabling large spans of column-free space to be covered. Their shaped fabric which is usually under tension also has the ability to span large areas. This why it is popular in buildings that require large roof spacing such as sports facilities and music theatres.


The structure is erected more efficiently which reduces construction overall construction costs. The fact that it spans large areas also significantly reduces costs as compared to the conventional roofing systems. Maintenance costs are also low as it is less likely to wear and tear.

Rapid Construction Speed

Through incorporation of the latest construction techniques, installation of fabricated membrane panels can be done within a short period of time. This is because unlike other types of structures that involve plenty of concrete work, membrane structures take less time to complete, thereby saving labor costs and energy. Membrane removal can be easily accomplished.

Provision of Natural Lighting

The materials used to construct an architectural membrane structure provide an outstanding translucency, therefore reducing daytime interior lighting costs. The membrane material is relatively excellent in light transmission, with approximately 7% to 20% light transmission. It also has a reflective index of light which forms soft diffuses of light to create an ambient exterior luminescence.

Flexible Design Creativity

One of the main reasons why architectural membrane structures are a popular with many designers is the fact that they can be easily manipulated into any shape and design. The structure can be designed for use in roof buildings, canopies, overhangs, and other architectural applications.

Its membrane is easily formed into amazing night scenes with the coordination of lighting equipment.

Aesthetic Value

With the availability of unlimited designs and the unique characteristics of the membrane, this structure is aesthetically pleasing. Furthermore, the artificial lighting brings modern beauty to the occupants.


The daily maintenance cost on this type of structure is minimal as compared to others. Its tensile strength and elongation properties are particularly important for its longevity. It’s less susceptible to tear and wear and thus does not require a lot of care and maintenance.

Weather Resistance

An architectural membrane structure provides excellent water and weather resistance to the interior of the building. The structure’s heat sealed seams which creates a monolithic layer of a coating compound provides a good waterproof seal. This means that the structure is not susceptible to any weather effect, thus sports fans can sit and enjoy the games with comfort.

Safety and Reliability

This structure’s earthquake resistance is relatively good since it bears less building load and has high-elasticity. Its soft membrane structures can cope with a large amount of displacement and the likelihood of a building collapsing is minimal. It’s also flame-resistant.

Reduced Noise Pollution

The structure is not only effective in reducing climatic noises from hail, wind, and rain, but it’s also excellent in diffusing and absorbing both internal and external sounds. This is made possible by the structure’s curved nature as well as the membrane material which absorbs the sounds, thereby reducing noise pollution dramatically.

Energy Costs Reduction

The structure dissipates heat in summer and retains heat in winter, thereby reducing energy costs.


The membrane structure maintains all the properties required for it to survive a long period of time. The fact that its weather-resistance, stain and fade resistant, flame resistance, and has great tensile strength gives it a long life-span.

Their Effectiveness in Sports Facilities

As stated earlier, the architectural membrane structure is mainly used in construction of the roofing of major sports buildings. Its most suitable as it has a large span, provides insulated and translucent roofing advantages, has an exciting design, is energy and cost effective, and most of all, its durable.

Apart from that, this structure provides ancillary accommodation. This simply means that the structure can comfortably accommodate various rooms such as shower facilities, changing rooms, offices, fitness suites, as well as viewing balconies. Their open ventilation allows for proper airflow inside thus providing the occupants with regular air conditioning.

With their numerous uses and advantages, architecture membrane structures provide a modern approach to sports facility design.